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Ministère de la Sécurité publique

Québec firearm registration service

Commencement of firearm registration

The Firearms Registration Act (2016, chapter 15) and the regulation pursuant to this Act will come into force on January 29, 2018.

Purpose of the Firearms Registration Act

Registration of non-restricted firearms is intended to enable public authorities to know where firearms are present in the territory of Québec with a view to supporting peace officers in their investigations and interventions, in particular preventive interventions. In addition, this information will contribute to ensuring the effective enforcement of court orders prohibiting firearm possession.

Firearms covered by the Firearms Registration Act

The Act covers non-restricted firearms.

A non-restricted firearm means a firearm that is neither a prohibited firearm nor a restricted firearm, or a firearm that is prescribed to be a non-restricted firearm by Federal regulations (section 84 (1) of the Criminal Code (Revised Statutes of Canada, 1985, chapter C-46).

These firearms are commonly referred to as “long guns.” They are usually used as hunting weapons and include shotguns and rifles. They account for approximately 95% of firearms found across Québec.

Other types of firearms, i.e. prohibited and restricted firearms, are outside the scope of the Firearms Registration Act. They are subject to the Federal registration system.

Firearms and firearm owners that are exempt from the application of the Firearms Registration Act

Firearms and firearm owners who are subject to the Public Agents Firearms Regulations (SOR/98-203) are exempt from the application of the Firearms Registration Act because there is a specific registration system that applies to them. The exempted firearms and firearm owners are the following:

  • Public service agencies, i.e. a police force, a department or agency of the public service of Canada or of a province or municipality, a police academy, or other public agency that employs or otherwise has under its authority public agents
  • Firearms that are in the possession of a public service agency for use by its public agents
  • Firearms that are in the possession of a public service agency and that are not agency firearms

In addition, under paragraph 84 (3) of the Criminal Code (Revised Statutes of Canada, 1985, chapter C-46), the following weapons are also exempt:

  • Antique firearms
  • Any device that is designed exclusively for signalling, for notifying of distress, for firing blank cartridges or for firing stud cartridges, explosive-driven rivets or other industrial projectiles, and intended by the person in possession of it to be used exclusively for the purpose for which it is designed
  • Any shooting device that is designed exclusively for the slaughtering of domestic animals, the tranquillizing of animals or the discharging of projectiles with lines attached to them, and intended by the person in possession of it to be used exclusively for the purpose for which it is designed
  • Any other barrelled weapon, where it is proved that the weapon is not designed or adapted to discharge a shot, bullet or other projectile at a muzzle velocity exceeding 152.4 m per second or at a muzzle energy exceeding 5.7 Joules, or a shot, bullet or other projectile that is designed or adapted to attain a velocity exceeding 152.4 m per second or an energy exceeding 5.7 Joules

Deadlines for firearm registration

Starting January 29, 2018, the owners of one or more non-restricted firearms will have one year to apply for registration.

For a firearm acquired after this date, the registration application must be filed upon taking possession of the firearm or upon bringing it into the territory of Québec.

These requirements do not apply to a firearm that is present in the territory of Québec for 45 days or less or that is entrusted to a firearms business for the purpose of having it repaired, restored, maintained or altered if the firearm owner does not have a residence or business establishment in Québec.

However, firearm owners who settle in Québec have 45 days after settling there to file the application.

Firearm registration cost

Non-restricted firearm registration is free of charge. No fee shall be associated with the application of the Act.

General obligations for owners of registered firearms

1) Affixing the unique firearm number (UFAN)

Within 90 days after a firearm has been assigned a unique firearm number, the owner must, if the number is not already inscribed indelibly and legibly on the firearm, affix it indelibly and legibly in a visible place on the firearm carcass or box of breech. The firearm owner must ensure that the UFAN remains inscribed or affixed indelibly and legibly on the firearm.

In most cases, if the firearm has a serial number that is unique, the UFAN will be generated from that number. Therefore, if the serial number is already inscribed indelibly and legibly on the firearm, no further action will be required on the part of the firearm owner.

2) Notification of a change in the information provided

The owner of a registered firearm must notify the Minister of any change in the information provided for registration purposes. The notification must be made no later than 15 days following a change in the place where the firearm is stored and no later than 30 days following a change in the other information provided (for example, the telephone number or the description of the firearm).

This notification can be made using an online service or by telephone.  

3) Notification of a transfer of ownership

As soon as the owner of a registered firearm transfers ownership of the firearm, he or she must notify the Minister.

This notification can be made using an online service or a paper form.

Meeting the firearm registration requirements

1) Ensuring that the firearm is covered by the Act

A non-restricted firearm is a firearm that is neither a prohibited firearm nor a restricted firearm, or a firearm that is prescribed to be a non-restricted firearm by Federal regulations (section 84 (1) of the Criminal Code (Revised Statutes of Canada, 1985, chapter C-46).

These firearms are commonly referred to as “long guns.” They are usually used as hunting weapons and include shotguns and rifles. They account for approximately 95% of firearms found across Quebec.

Other types of firearms, i.e. prohibited and restricted firearms, are outside the scope of the Firearms Registration Act. They are subject to the Federal registration system.

2) Gathering the information necessary for the identification of the firearm

If you have the registration certificate delivered by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) under the former Canadian Firearms Program, you can use it as reference for filling out most sections of the form relating to information about the firearm, provided that this information is still current.  

The information necessary for the identification of a firearm is the following:

  • Make
  • Model
  • Barrel length
  • Type of action
  • Type
  • Calibre

It is also important to provide the firearm serial number and, where appropriate, any other number inscribed or affixed indelibly and legibly on the firearm for the purpose of identification.

3) Providing the other information required in the registration application

Firearm owners applying for registration must provide the following information:

  • Name, address, telephone numbers, and, where relevant, fax number and email
  • If the owner is a natural person, his or her date of birth
  • If the owner is a legal person, such as a firearms business, the name of its representative
  • Place where the firearm is stored

The application must also contain the information required to validate the identity of the firearm owner.

Owners who are natural persons can provide the Possession and Acquisition Licence number issued by the Chief Firearms Officer, the Québec Register of Civil Status Number—NIREC (the number found on the birth certificate issued by the Registrar of Civil Status of Québec, or on a copy thereof), or a photocopy of a valid identification document.

Owners who are legal persons, such as a firearms business, can provide their Québec Business Number.

The registration application can be filed using an online service or a paper form.