Rules aimed at promoting Québec public safety, whcich came into force on September 1, 2008, contain the following provisions:
- reporting behaviour that is likely to jeopardize safety with a firearm;
- supervision of target shooting practice where restricted or prohibited firearms are in use;
- possession of a firearm is prohibited on certain premises of designated institutions, on school buses and on public transit, except transportation by taxi.
- preschools, elementary and secondary schools;
- post-secondary colleges;
- general and vocational colleges;
- vocational training centres;
- adult education centres;
- childcare centres;
- day care centres;
- school day care services.
Possession of a firearm is also prohibited on the premises of home day care services.
A person who contravenes the law prohibiting possession of a firearm on the premises of a designated institution, on a school bus or on public transit is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $500 to $5,000.
Provisions have been made for exclusions and exceptions to allow activities such as hunting or target practice to take place.