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Ministère de la Sécurité publique

2015-2016 Correctional profile : Native Persons Committed to the Custody of Québec's Correctional Services

In short

The treatment of Aboriginal peoples by the Direction générale des services correctionnels (DGSC – Québec's correctional services) of the ministère de la Sécurité publique, whether in detention or in the community, poses significant challenges due to their own culture. Our analysis revealed that there is no unique profile of Aboriginal peoples incarcerated or monitored in the community, but rather profiles specific to individuals from each nation. Of course, there are many similarities, but the differences are sufficient to require a separate description of the characteristics of Aboriginal peoples from each nation. Some Aboriginal peoples speak French, others speak English or another language. Some nations account for more young adults than others. Aboriginal peoples are incarcerated or monitored in the community for committing an assault, others for assault with a weapon and some for failure to comply with a probation order. In addition to the importance of the differences between Aboriginal peoples from different nations, it is important to note that the presence of Inuit in detention facilities increased from 69 people in 2006 2007 to 196 in 2015 2016. As such, the DGSC’s interventions in managing incarceration and community monitoring should be tailored to fit Aboriginal peoples in general, but also, where possible, to the unique characteristics of each Aboriginal nation. By taking into account the unique characteristics of Aboriginal peoples from various national origins, the coaching, programs, activities and services will contribute more to the social reintegration of incarcerated or monitored Aboriginal peoples into the community.