Definitions, acronyms and initialisms about correctional services and social rehabilitation
In this report, an accused is a person who is incarcerated in a Québec detention centre to await the outcome of judicial proceedings instituted against him (e.g., case pending, postponed or continued), following the request to the administrator for assistance, while waiting to be transferred to a penitentiary or for any other reason that a detained person cannot be deemed to be a convict. It is one of the two possible statuses for an incarcerated person; the other is “convict”.
Administrative procedure to register a person in a detention centre under a warrant of committal, remand or other judicial procedures that allow a justice official or officer of the peace to incarcerate a person. A person whose status changes or who is transferred to another detention center is not re-admitted. For a detention sentence, there is only one admission.
In this report, “admitted person” refers to the admission of a person to a detention centre. A person may be admitted more than once in the same year and will thus be counted as an admitted person for the number of times he is admitted.
Obligation for a person to appear before a magistrate (judge, fire investigation commissioner, coroner, etc.) at a specific date, time and place, for a step in his trial.
Average number of incarcerated persons present each day in a detention centre. The population is determined on the basis of the persons present at 11:59 p.m. in detention centres.
Administrative procedure used in detention centres to take into account any change in the situation of an incarcerated person. For example, the status of an accused who, following trial, is sentenced to detention will be changed from “accused” to “convicted”; this procedure makes it possible to follow changes in the file of an incarcerated person from admission to release.
Optional condition imposed by the court in the case of a probation order or conditional sentence of imprisonment. It requires the offender to perform unpaid work for a not-for-profit community organization. Such work is done under the supervision of a probation officer and for a prescribed period of time.
Supervision of offenders subject to a measure applied in the community, such as a
supervised probation order or a conditional sentence of imprisonment or who are on temporary leave or parole. Such supervision is intended to ensure public safety and to facilitate the social reintegration of offenders. It is carried out through control measures and social reintegration measures.
Sentence of imprisonment that allows an offender sentenced to less than two years to be given a stay of imprisonment if the court is convinced that serving the sentence in the community will not jeopardize public safety. A conditional sentence of imprisonment has both punitive and social reintegration objectives, and the offender submitted to the measure is closely controlled (e.g., house arrest or strict curfews).
Refers to a person who is incarcerated following one or more convictions by a court that involve sentences to be served consecutively or concurrently. Such sentences are administered as a combined sentence by detention centres. It is one of the two possible statuses of an incarcerated person; the other is “accused”.
Decision rendered by an authority with power and jurisdiction and imposing on an offender a sanction for the acts for which he was charged.
All convicted and accused persons under the jurisdiction of the Services correctionnels of the Ministère de la Sécurité publique. This population includes persons under the supervision of detention centres and those under community supervision.
Person who assures supervision of offenders under community supervision and the confinement of incarcerated persons, contributing to their assessment and facilitating the social reintegration of offenders.
Person who ensures the development and implementation of programs and services to support social reintegration and encourages offenders to become aware of their behaviour and begin the journey to responsibilization and personal empowerment. The counsellor is also a contact person for offenders with regard to their delinquency problems.
Computerized management system (administrative correctional files) that makes it possible for workers in the Services correctionnels in the Québec Ministère de la Sécurité publique and the Commission québécoise des libérations conditionnelles (CQLC, parole board) to manage, where required, the information provided to the courts, offender placements, taking charge of or examining an offender’s file.
Person who commits an offence that is not sufficiently serious for the person to be treated as a criminal. The word “delinquent” goes beyond the judicial meaning and includes all antisocial elements, whether or not the person is brought to trial.
Operational unit of the Services correctionnels in the Québec Ministère de la Sécurité publique that ensures the administration of sentences served in the community and is responsible for activities to provide information to the courts, for developing correctional intervention plans, assessing and supervising offenders who are under sentencing or correctional measures in the community.
Person in the custody of a detention centre while awaiting trial or the outcome of a trial or who is serving a sentence of imprisonment after being found guilty of an offence under a law or regulation in force or who is admitted to detention at the request of an officer of the peace pursuant to the Criminal Code or related laws.
All convicted and accused persons under the supervision of Québec detention centres. Sometimes called “registered population” it includes persons present in a centre and those outside the center whether or not the latter have temporary leave.
Situation related to the incarceration of an accused (q.v.).
Offence under the Criminal Code, federal laws, provincial laws or municipal by-laws. Broadly, any act or omission define by criminal law or penal statute and giving rise to some sanction.
Person who is serving a sentence in detention or in the community after being found guilty of committing an offence under a law or regulation in force. The person has been sentenced by the court (see “convict”).
Correctional release measure that allows an offender to serve the remainder of his custodial sentence in the community (early release before the end of a sentence) on certain conditions set by the Commission québécoise des libérations conditionnelles (CQLC). Offenders serving a sentence of six months or more are generally eligible for parole after serving a third of their sentence.
Professional who makes psychosocial assessment reports on offenders, supervises offenders under a probation order or a conditional sentence of imprisonment and parolees and who supervises the performance of community service imposed in the case of a probation order or conditional sentence of imprisonment.
Liberation of an incarcerated person.
All the sanctions imposed by a court and administered by the Services correctionnels by taking into account their consecutive or concurrent elements, if any.
All efforts whose objective is for an offender to live in a socially acceptable, law-abiding manner. Such efforts involve activities and programs that assist offenders to move forward, have better self-understanding and strengthen a relationship of confidence, that contribute to the offender’s social and family network and that make available services adapted to his needs. Social reintegration, which is the best approach to protecting society in a lasting way, is also associated with certain control mechanisms that make it possible to ensure that the conditions imposed on offenders are met.
Situation of a detained person, who may be assigned one of two statuses: “convict” or “accused”.
Sentence imposed on an offender who has been found guilty of an offence by a criminal or penal court. It does not involve incarceration; the offender serves his sentence in the community. It is aimed at social reintegration. The measure may not exceed three years, and the offender must comply with a certain number of obligations imposed by the court, including the obligation to meet, at regular intervals, with a probation officer.
Permission given under the Act respecting the Québec correctional system (ARQCS) by the director of a penal institution or by the Commission québécoise des libérations conditionnelles (CQLC), that allows an incarcerated offender who is eligible under defined criteria to be absent from a detention center for specific purposes defined by law, for a specific period of time and under certain conditions. ARQCS provides for seven types of temporary leave: medical, participation in the activities of a support fund for social reintegration, spiritual activities, humanitarian reasons, family visits, social reintegration (sentence of less than six months) and preparation for parole (sentence of six months or more). Note that the last two types represent a correctional measure for release under community supervision.
Moving a detainee or person under community supervision under the jurisdiction of the Services correctionnels from one detention centre to other or from point of service to another to facilitate the dispensing of correctional services.
Acronyms and Initialisms
Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada
Aboriginal Courtwork Program (Canada)
Average daily incarcerated population
Canadian Correctional Association
Canadian Department of Justice
Commission québécoise des libérations conditionnelles
Correctional Service of Canada
Dossiers Administratifs CORrectionnels
Direction des services professionnels correctionnels
Ministère de la Justice du Québec
Ministère de la Sécurité publique (Québec)
Native Para-Judicial Services of Québec
Office of the Correctional Investigator
Soliciteur General of Canada