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Ministère de la Sécurité publique

Forest Fire

In Case of Forest Fire

Whether you enjoy a trek through the forest or live in a wooded area, it’s important to know about forest fire hazards.

Before heading into a forest, get information about

  • the fire danger,
  • precautions in effect.

Obey bans on open fires.

You Are Lighting a Fire in a Wooded Area

Be Prepared

  • Choose a clearing away from trees and preferably near water.
  • Remove any material covering the ground, down to the bare soil.
  • Make a small fire and avoid lighting a fire during high winds.
  • Keep firewood nearby.

Monitor the Fire

  • Never leave a fire unattended. Appointing one individual responsible for the fire is an excellent way to ensure the fire is continuously supervised.
  • Keep water and shovels nearby for use, if necessary.

Extinguish the Fire

  • Thoroughly soak the fire with water.
  • Stir the embers to allow water to penetrate.
  • Wait a few moments and repeat the process.
  • Then throw sand or soil over the remnants.

You Live in a Wooded Area, Protect Yourself from Forest Fires

  • Obey bans on open fires and municipal bylaws.
  • Clear material away from the side of your home or remove items that are flammable or that can spread a fire: firewood, dry vegetation, bushes, play equipment, etc.
  • Place wire mesh over the chimney and smoke flues.
  • Connect a garden hose.
  • If you are not connected to a municipal water supply, store water in a tank.
  • Involve all the members of your family in preparing an escape plan and select a meeting place  (6,73 Mo).
  • Ask your municipality or local fire department about what actions you can take to protect yourself during a forest fire or evacuation.
  • Talk to neighbours about how you can help one another in an emergency.
  • Follow weather reports and flammabilty index on the radio, television or Internet.
  • Take the necessary precautions if the fire hazard risk increases.

In Case of Evacuation

  • If you have time, use a garden hose or sprinklers to completely soak the ground around your house and roof with water.
  • Turn off propane or natural gas main shut off valves.
  • Switch off the main power supply.
  • Gather family members together and go to the planned location in your escape plan.
  • If you decide to stay with friends or relatives who live outside the area under threat, notify municipal authorities so they can contact you there.

Breathe Easier

  • If fire approaches or if wind blows thick smoke in your direction, breathe through a damp cloth. Show children how to hold a cloth over their nose and mouth to avoid smoke inhalation.
  • People with heath conditions, particularly heart or lung ailments should go to a public shelter if there is smoke.

For more information or for guidelines in your region, contact your local fire department or the Société de protection des forêts contre le feu (SOPFEU).

Dernière mise à jour : 08 juillet 2011