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Emergency Kit

It’s important to have an emergency kit in your home. Make sure it contains enough material, food and water to meet your family’s basic needs for at least the first 3 days of an emergency situation.

Keep your emergency kit in a place that is easy to access. Check its contents yearly and replace batteries and water supplies as required.

Essential Items to Keep in Your Emergency Kit

Always have the following items in your home. Ideally, they should be placed in a backpack or a storage bin:

  • Drinking water — two litres per person per day, for at least 3 days;
  • Non-perishable food — enough for at least 3 days;
  • Manual can opener;
  • Battery-operated radio — spare batteries;
  • Flashlight or headlamp — spare batteries, or a hand-crank flashlight or headlamp;
  • Lighter or matches and candles;
  • First Aid kit — antiseptic, pain medication, adhesive bandages, sterile gauze pads, scissors, etc.; 
  • Whistle — to signal your presence to rescuers;
  • Dust masks — to filter contaminated air;
  • Map or GPS;
  • Compass;
  • Sunglasses and sun lotion;
  • Pocketknife;
  • Small toolbox;
  • Tent, sleeping bag and foam mat;
  • Camping stove, fuel and kitchen utensils; 
  • Personal care items;
  • Over-the-counter medications (antihistamine, ibuprofen, acetaminophen, etc.);
  • Prescription medications (prescribed by your doctor); 
  • Garbage bags;
  • Hiking shoes or boots; 
  • Waterproof clothing;
  • Spare clothes;
  • A deck of cards, books, magazines.

The first seven items will make it possible for you and your family to survive during the first 3 days of an emergency situation, while you wait for rescue or for essential services to be re-established.